Multnomah University

Citation Styles

Citation styles dictate conventions in various disciplines for giving credit to the resources one uses in a paper. As a reliable researcher, you will need to document any information that did not originate with you. This includes direct quotes, paraphrased ideas, images, and diagrams, taken from books, periodicals, the Web, audio-visual materials, databases, and interviews. For more details on what to cite, please see this helpful Plagiarism Tutorial. You may also test your citation skills with these Recognizing and Avoiding Plagiarism Exercises.

Depending on the class in which your research project has been assigned, you will use one of the following citation styles. Please check with your professor to make sure which style to use:

APA (Social Sciences, like Education and Psychology)

ASA (Sociology)

MLA (Language and Literature)

Turabian (Humanities, like Theology and History)

  • Turabian Quick Guide
  • Official Guide: A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations : Chicago Style for Students and Researchers at LB2369 .T8 2007 and Ref. LB2369 .T8 2007


Hosted by Calvin College, this tool will create citations for most resource types. Registering for a free account will give you more options, but is not necessary. Remember to check any citation generator for accuracy. Questions? Please contact a Research Librarian.