Citation Styles

Avoiding Plagiarism

Understanding how to properly cite sources is a crucial part of scholarly communication and will help you avoid a form of academic dishonesty called plagiarism. As you write research papers at Multnomah University, you will need to document any source that did not originate with you, regardless of its format: direct quotes, paraphrased ideas, statistics, images, and diagrams. To understand plagiarism, its consequences, and how you can avoid it, check out this University of Texas at Austin Plagiarism Tutorial and this Preventing Plagiarism Guide

Citation Styles

Please check your course syllabus to make sure you know which citation style your instructor requires. For examples and guidance, please consult the style guides below or paper guides available at the Reference desk in the Library.

APA Style Guide

Official guide: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
Located at BF76.7 .P83 2010 or on the Reserve shelf
APA Formatting and Style Guide
APA Sample Paper

MLA Style Guide

Official guide: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
Located at LB2369 .G53 2009 and Ref. LB2369 .G53 2009 or on the Reserve shelf
MLA Formatting and Style Guide
MLA Sample Paper

Turabian Style Guide

Official guide: A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations
Located at LB2369 .T8 2007 and Ref. LB2369 .T8 2007 or on the Reserve shelf
Turabian Quick Guide
Turabian Sample Paper (Bibliography Style)